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Woodland and Forestry

Production periods in forestry have a much longer lifespan than those in agriculture. To preserve the vitality and productivity of forests in future climatic conditions, decision-making about adapted tree species and forest structures needs to take place today.

Higher temperatures, combined with decreasing precipitation during the vegetation period, endanger the forest’s ecosystem and its functions. Pure stands, which currently predominate in Brandenburg and Berlin, present both ecological and economic risks in view of predicted climate change. Based on current knowledge, adaptation by specifically developing mixed forests containing hardwood and softwood is one way of mitigating risks brought about by climate change.

As yet, agroforestry systems as a form of land use adapted to increasing aridity have only a limited presence in Brandenburg. They lead to an improvement in the microclimate and counteract soil desiccation by providing shade and shelter from the wind. INKA BB is investigating the extent to which the beneficial effects of agroforestry systems can enhance yield stability in the increasingly dry areas of Brandenburg.